Dobomed Method, developed in 1979, by the Polish Dr. Krystyna Dobosiewicz (1931- 2007), is a conservative approach to Idiopathic Scoliosis, aimed at both deformity of the trunk and restoration of respiratory function. It has incorporated in its techniques both the position of the Klapp Method for the retraining of the normal 'kyphosis' of the thoracic spine and the technique of active asymmetrical breathing by Lehnert-Schroth (Lunes et al., 2010 , Berdishevsky et al., 2016). The mobilization of the primary bulges is carried out through a closed kinetic chain, in a symmetrical position of the pelvis and shoulders, emphasizing both the pelvis and the shoulders so that they are kept stable during the exercise and during the phase of inhalation and exhalation, respectively. active asymmetric respiration.
Compensatory mechanisms in the musculoskeletal system in children and adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis
Agnieszka Stępień, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland.
A spine is a part of the body with complex mechanics. Scoliosis is a three-dimensional deformation of the spine, which means that the compensatory mechanisms within the spine and the entire musculoskeletal system are very complicated. Coupled movements may make it difficult to correct the spine, therefore the biomechanical analysis of vertebral movements seems to be extremely important.
The main aim of the lecture will be to discuss the compensations that occurs during spine movements in children and adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. These compensations may occur in the same section of the spine in a different plane or in distant parts of the spine and body. The rotational movements of the spine in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis, as well as coupled movements occurring during rotation will be discussed in more detail. In addition, an analysis of the correlation between the values of the angle of trunk rotation and the ranges of motion in the transverse plane will be presented.
Deformation of the spine can affect not only the musculoskeletal system, but also the functions of the peripheral nervous system. This relationship will be discussed on the basis of the results of recent studies.